The 9th edition of the Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) World Giving Index was released last week, full of information about peoples giving trends all over the world. The 44-page report goes into depth about the facts and figures they have collected from each of the 146 countries, but not everyone has the time to read through it all. Here are some of the most important bits of information that you have to know!
What is the CAF Giving Index?
The data collected for this report were taken from the ongoing research project, Gallup’s World View World Poll, which interviewed more than 153,164 people from 146 countries that represent around 95% of the world’s population. Countries completed 1,000 questionnaires but this did change depending on country size. For example, due to China’s population size, they completed 4,141 surveys and in smaller countries, only 500-1000 were taken.
There were 3 main questions the CAF World Giving Index focuses on, which are;
Have you done any of the following in the past month?
– Helped a stranger, or someone you didn’t know who needed help?
– Donated money to a charity?
– Volunteered your time to an organisation?
The answers to these questions are then broken down and compared to past years, gender, age, and to other countries.
Every country is then ranked by its overall percent from these three questions, to create the World Index.
”“The CAF World Giving Index offers a unique glimpse of global trends in generosity. It enables us to provide answers to questions about where people are most likely to engage in prosocial activities and to champion the growth of growing giving. However, it does not tell us what factors are driving the growth in generosity, nor does it highlight the barriers which need to be removed to unleash it, nor does it aim to.”
The Leader Board
This is Indonesia’s first time at the top of the leaderboard, beating Myanmar – the raining champion since 2014. This is partly due to Indonesia’s increase and Myanmar’s decrease, down to 9th place. Australia and New Zealand fought for the 2nd and 3rd place with only a half of a percent between them. The biggest jump this year is from Thailand, who last year could be found in 16th position and now fallen to 62nd place.
Compared to last years results, Ireland, the UK, and Singapore have all improved massively, with Norway, Nigeria, and Haiti also improving. Countries whos scores have decreased are Canada, Myanmar, and Kenya.
The overall giving score can be broken down by the three categories, and within each of these scores, a rise of 3% is a huge achievement. In the donating money category, 36 countries increased their scores by at least three percentage points, however, 42 countries declined by three percentage points. Developed nations have managed to increase all three giving behaviours.
Helping a Stranger
This year’s report shows that there has been an increase by 49 countries of over 3% in their scores for helping a stranger, but a decline of the same amount by 40 countries. With Libya holding the top spot for participation in helping a stranger (83%) and China with the number of people helping a stranger (362million).
The overall statistics for helping a stranger has increased for both men and women, however, the gap between them has been growing each year. From 1.9% in 2011 to 4.3% now, with men at 53.3% and women 49%. The countries with the biggest gap include Afghanistan and Botswana, whereas the countries where women are more likely to help include Belarus and Australia.
Comparing the different age groups, the most likely age to have helped a stranger are those aged 30-49 (54%) closely followed by 15-29-year-olds (53.2) and 50+ holding a score of 42.5%. All three of these scores are up from last years showing an incline since 2013.
Even though Myanmar is no longer number 1 for the CAF Giving Index, it still has the highest ‘donating money’ score for the sixth year running, however, its score has declined from a massive 91% last year to 88% this year. This is still a huge lead from Indonesia, who are in second place with a score of 78%. India is number one for the number of people donating money (191million) due to its high population and USA in second (158 million). Both Ireland (64%) and Norway (65%) have made the list again this year after dipping out last year.
The gap between men and women has closed a little since last year, with men (29.1%) only 0.2% higher than women (28.9%). The countries where women are more likely to donate to men are the countries with the highest levels of human development and gender equality. These include; Sweden, New Zealand, and Norway.
Past surveys had found that the likelihood to donate money increases with age, however, this years results so that there is no change between 50+ (30.6%) and 30-49-year-olds (30.5%). 15-29 year-olds are much lower in this category at 25.2%.
Indonesia is number one of the Giving Index and that is mainly due to their great volunteering score of 53% and Myanmar’s drop from the top 10 list – going from 3rd place to 22nd. New entries this year include Sri Lanka, Ireland, and Singapore, with Singapore going from 25% to 39% making it one of the worlds most improved.
Men remain more likely to volunteer however women’s participating has increased year on year by 0.5% and men staying at 22.6%. Countries where women are more likely to volunteer include Switzerland, France, and Poland. Whereas countries, where men are more likely, include Liberia and Pakistan.
Volunteering per age group is much closer than donating money – 15-29 at 21.4%, 30-49 at 22% and 50+ at 19.8%. The increase of the 15-29 category is slow but steady, from 20.8% in 2014. The levels of volunteering differ only slightly through the ages in both developed and developing countries.